National Library of France
Le décret n° 2006-1365 du 9 novembre 2006 modifiant le décret n° 94-3 du 3 janvier 1994 portant création de la Bibliothèque nationale de France
© Pascal Lafay / BnF
The BnF has various possibilities to enrich its collections; the major one is the legal deposit established by François 1st in 1537.
Today, the legal deposit is governed by the Heritage Code (articles L131-1 to L133-1 and R131-1 to 133-1) which included the provisions relating to the DADVSI law of August 1st, 2006 creating the legal deposit of the Internet.
In 2010, the following collections were deposited to the BnF:
Moreover, 1,18 billion Internet files were harvested by robots. The legal deposit makes it possible to draw up the Bibliographie nationale française which registers all the documents listed above (except for the Internet), printed, published or disseminated in France.
The BnF’s collections are also enriched thanks to acquisitions. A major part of the institution’s budget is dedicated to these acquisitions, either regular - mainly to work out a reference collection in the field of foreign works - or prestigious and heritage acquisitions for which sponsorship may be necessary.
Donations and bequests or more rarely, private deposits, also contribute to enriching the collections.
Eventually, there are invaluable exchanges with other libraries.
A library charter governs procedures for these collections’ entries.
Workshop dedicated to the restoration of large-size documents, Richelieu Library.
© David Paul Carr / BnF
The BnF draws up catalogues that list all these resources. Actually, as the National Bibliographic Agency, it has to produce a reference catalogue that can be used to locate documents printed or disseminated in France. Bibliographic records and authority files for authors and groups, textual or musical titles, business items or references, are standardized as bibliographic products made available for other libraries that will then feed their own catalogues.
Over the centuries, the BnF has developed appropriate techniques for its preservation (both preventive and curative) mission: attention paid to the state of collections and protection of collections, environmental conditions of stacks… Several workshops appropriate to the various types of documents and preservation techniques and a laboratory are available at the BnF.
El colosso /Goya, Francisco de. Print, 1818. Digitized and available via Gallica
© BnF, Department of prints and photographs
Documents, threatened by handling, are naturally short-lived things. To keep them available for readers as long as possible, preservation measures have been taken for several centuries by the institutions housing them.
To preserve collections from improper handling, accreditation rules have been established and readers wishing to consult standard documents are redirected towards other institutions.
Today, microfilming and above all, digitization programmes are set up to replace too much consulted originals by backup documents. As a result of this ambitious digitization policy, Gallica digital library is a useful way to allow wider access to collections. 3 000 readers go to the BnF’s reading rooms each day; and there are ten times as much persons who consult Gallica, its digital library.
Screen capture of Europeana website. The BnF took part in the Europeana project.
Friday, October 3, 2014