The Audiovisual Department’s collections cover the following:
These documents are available on a material medium (discs, CD, DVD...) or in dematerialised form (files...).
Audiovisual materials may cover all topics. In particular, the Audiovisual Department (département de l'Audiovisuel) has collections on the following topics:
The major part of audiovisual collections is listed in the Catalogue général de la BnF: sound documents (78 rpm and LP records, CDs and audio tapes), videos (video tapes and video-discs), multimedia and electronic documents (CDroms, DVDroms, video games...).
In BnF Archives et manuscrits, the readers will find listed: the first sound collections of the Department (Archives de la Parole, Musée de la Parole et du Geste, National Sound Library), collections of ethnomusicology, linguistics, sociology... deposited by institutions and collectors; collections from filmmakers and video producers.
Various documents are available on the audiovisual computers of the Reference Library: fiction films, documentaries, classic movies, TV series, a selection of records and music websites, audio books, video games and webdocumentaries.
The recordings and videos of cultural events proposed at the BnF since 1994 are also available on these computers.
History of the departmentThe origins of the Audiovisual Department date back to the Archives de la Parole, created in 1911 by linguist Ferdinand Brunot. After becoming the Musée de la Parole et du Geste in 1928, the collection developed a more “folklorist” approach, which included gathering a large amount of material abroad (e.g. in Romania in 1928, Greece in 1930, Greenland in 1935-36, etc.). In 1938, it was extended to cover phonographic publishing, which came under the legal deposit scheme that same year; the Musée de la Parole et du Geste then became the Phonothèque nationale. In 1977, the Phonothèque nationale, by that time a department of the National Library, began to receive videograms and multimedia documents under the legal deposit scheme, followed by electronic documents in 1992. From 1994 onwards, the Audiovisual Department fell within the scope of the Bibliothèque nationale de France renovation project and was established at the François Mitterrand Library (Site François-Mitterrand).
Friday, October 10, 2014