National Library of France
Collections and services
To be notedIn room P, the Research library also has workstations for consulting collections belonging to the Inathèque de France (radio and television recordings held under the legal deposit scheme) and the digital collections of the National Center for Cinematography (Centre National de la Cinématographie/CNC) – the French film archives (les Archives françaises du film).
History of the departmentThe origins of the Audiovisual Department date back to the Archives de la Parole, created in 1911 by linguist Ferdinand Brunot. After becoming the Musée de la Parole et du Geste in 1928, the collection developed a more “folklorist” approach, which included gathering a large amount of material abroad (e.g. in Romania in 1928, Greece in 1930, Greenland in 1935-36, etc.). In 1938, it was extended to cover phonographic publishing, which came under the legal deposit scheme that same year; the Musée de la Parole et du Geste then became the Phonothèque nationale. In 1977, the Phonothèque nationale, by that time a department of the National Library, began to receive videograms and multimedia documents under the legal deposit scheme, followed by electronic documents in 1992. From 1994 onwards, the Audiovisual Department fell within the scope of the Bibliothèque nationale de France renovation project and was established at the François Mitterrand Library (Site François-Mitterrand).
Thursday, March 27, 2014