Preservation of digital material: the SPAR project
The current acceleration in the growth of digital collections (more than 100 Terabytes per year actually) and the diversity of their formats put the BnF in front of the challenge of their preservation.
After more than a year of study, BnF launched the SPAR project, true digital stack. Its design is based on international standards authoritative in the subject of the sustainability of digital information. In particular, SPAR respects the OAIS standard (ISO-14721:2003), reference model for an open archival information system.
SPAR stands for "Système de Préservation et d'Archivage Réparti", meaning "Distributed Archiving and Preservation System".The SPAR project is much more than a simple stack of secure data.
SPAR is a system serving a community. It must guarantee that the documents given back haven't been modified. To this goal, SPAR marks each object with a digital signature.
SPAR is not conceived to be only an internal tool for the BnF. In a move to pool expertise and costs, BnF is intending to open its system to other partners and institutions offering a "third-archival" service for the digital heritage.
Thursday, November 21, 2013