Europe is a cornerstone for all of the BnF’s collections. This central role is the result of the constant social, political and cultural interactions between France and the other nations and civilisations of the continent, as well as the rest of the world due to the spread of Western civilisation in the modern era. The construction of Europe, and the digital revolution and the resulting developments in the information society, have also placed Europe at the heart of the institution’s research and innovation policy. A number of scientific and technical achievements over the last fifteen years are testament to this, as is its strong presence in a vast network of partners across the continent.